English - Grade 12 -2023 G.C

Grade 12 students can now access their exam results by visiting the Educational Assessment and Examination Services (EAES) website.

42. The disagreement between the warring parties should be solved amicably. That seems to be the only way that could lead to a win-win situation.

  1. contempt
  2. assault
  3. dispute
  4. hatred

Directions: There are two passages under this section. Read each of them carefully and answer questions 43 - 62 according to the information therein. From the four choices, A-D, given for each question, choose the correct answer and blacken the letter of your choice on the separate answer sheet provided.

Section One: Reading Passage I
Laziness or Dishonesty is Ruining Reputation

  1. A study by the Center for Academic Integrity found that almost 80% of college students admit to cheating at least once, while this is between 75% and 98% of high school students. You might rot believe this, but the statistics of 2018 show that. Although, it is not asto..ishing news when there are fears of failing, desires to get better grades, poor time management, or a slack of recognition of plagiarism among students.

  2. Also, there is another kind of plagiarism that is stealing other's quotes, arts, recipes, and ideas without mentioning the name of the owner, and it is nonacademic plagiarism. There are some similarities between academic and non-academic plagiarism, particularly, in motivations or reasons, methods, and effects. In academic plagiarism, students have reasons and methods to cheat and obviously, they will result in negative effects. Plagiarism in academic situations is nothing new, and there has been a high percentage of college students and high schools' who have plagiarized for several years. The most important reason should be getting better grades without enough effort, due to laziness or lack of talent, confidence, and knowledge to stand on their own feet: Most cheaters would like to have a fun social life so; they don't spend time studying as much as they should.

  3. Students steal others' research, ideas, and statistics, and use other students' lab reports and fake signatures on official documents for their financial aid applications. Ultimately, the consequence shows that most of the cheaters get disciplinary actions, alerts, and notifications. They can be removed from all classes for one or more terms, and this affects the student's ability to attend graduate schools and will be noted on their academic transcript. On the other hand, hold and pending may be placed on students' records, and the record will be kept for a minimum of five years. And the worst result of that trauma and shock is the psychological and mental impact on them which remains for years. However, all the sanctions and policies are to protect the safety and integrity of the university community, and to learn the students, new behaviors.

  4. Non-academic plagiarism is similar to academics in terms of motivation, methods, and effects. For instance, the pressure and fear could be the motivations for the politicians to plagiarize, because it would be a safer way to steal a confirmed presentation. On the other hand, other reasons would be lack of preparation, or confusion. The same as academics, the politicians repost some sentences in their speeches or books without mentioning the name of origin, and without respecting the real author and mentioning her/his name. As a matter of fact, the result will be losing their reputation, trust, dignity, expulsion, losing their positions, quitting their job, getting impeached, just like the college students when be caught of plagiarism.

  5. In summary, the main similarity between academic and non-academic plagiarism should be the personal, professional, ethical, and legal consequences. If in academics, plagiarism causes a student to be suspended, the same can cause to a politician to be impeached. In the case where a journalist works for a magazine, newspaper or other publishers, or even a student is found plagiarizing in school, the offending plagiarist could have to pay monetary penalties. Both types mean a destroyed reputation and the end of the academic position. Following as a result, laziness or dishonesty can lead to ruined reputation, the loss of a career, and legal problems.

  6. Accessed and adapted on 20 March 2023 from https://www.kqed.org/mind

43. If you send a plagiarist to jail for one-year service, the most likely, what is the consequence of the decision?

  1. Professional
  2. Personal
  3. ethical
  4. legal

44. Which one of the following sentences is true about politicians in relation to plagiarism?

  1. Consequences of plagiarism could be comparatively less harsh on politicians.
  2. Politicians may resort to plagiarism as a means of covering up their laziness.
  3. Confirmed presentations tempt politicians and push them to plagiarize.
  4. Politicians avoid plagiarism due to fear of pressure from the public.

45. What is the main purpose of taking measures against cheaters in a university environment?

  1. To protect students' safety and integrity
  2. To teach new behaviours to the cheaters
  3. To safeguard the academic community
  4. To discourage undeserved merits

We have provided these questions from previous years grade 12 Ethiopian Secondary School Leaving Certificate Examination (ESSLCE) exams with the sole purpose of assisting students in their studies and preparations for upcoming exams. Please be aware that these questions are not indicative of future exam content. Good luck with your studies!

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