English - Grade 12 -2023 G.C

Grade 12 students can now access their exam results by visiting the Educational Assessment and Examination Services (EAES) website.

51. Which one of the following is NOT a possible cause of cheating?

  1. Lack of awareness that cheating is wrong.
  2. The fear to fail in a test one is taking.
  3. Recognition of the role of plagiarism.
  4. The interest to score good grades.

52. According to paragraph one, which one of the following is true about cheating?

  1. Cheating is more severe among university students than high school students.
  2. The statistics of 2018 show that cheating is very common among students.
  3. Recently, cheating has become part of every student's life in the US.
  4. Almost 80% of college students in the US cheat in their exams.

Section Two: Reading Pasage II
Grown-ups on Campus

  1. Many professors enjoy teaching adults because they frequently work harder and have a better idea of what they want out of school than their younger classmates. "A lot of young people who come in here at 18 don't have the foggiest notion of why they're here," says Art Gallaher, vice president of academic affairs at the University of Kentucky.

  2. The adults tend to be better prepared, too. Because they went to high school at a time when learning how to write was considered more important than advanced student leadership, their compositions have fewer errors in syntax, grammar and spelling than the essays of some of today's brightest undergraduates. And older students usually get their work in on time. "I'm going to get the assignment done because I know I might have to stay home one day with my sick child," says Phyllis Dunham, 27, a psychology major at the University of Florida. "Younger students seem to wait until the last minute and have to have an extension for this reason or that." A few teachers even find their older students intimidating. "If you're in your early 30's with a fresh PhD. and a lot of book knowledge, it's rather threatening to be teaching someone who's been working in your field for years and is questioning your theories," says Arthur Chickering, director of the Center for the Study of Higher Education at Memphis State University.

  3. But more often than not it is the adult students who are insecure. Friends and family may not like or understand their new status. Jean Byrd, 46, a Hood sophomore says, returning to school at first created some friction with her 12-year-old daughter. "She resented it because my grades were better than hers." Younger classmates aren't always friendly either. "My first couple of years it was, like, what are these women doing here?" says a young Hood junior. "I'm in college. I thought I left my mother at home." The sense of alienation is heightened at places like Florida, which is still very much geared toward youngsters though about one-fifth of its students are older. "They're putting a strain on the place because we're not used to dealing with them," confesses Mike Rollo, assistant dean for student services.

  4. The feeling can be mutual. "In the beginning I felt very old," says Juliet Margolin, 28, a Florida pre-vet student who lived in a dorm for three months and felt "like a counselor in a sleep-away camp." Appalled by ketchup in the showers and jelly on the mirrors in the communal bathroom, Margolin soon found a roommate of her own age and moved off campus. Kate Erickson, a 35-year-old English major at Rice University, says she is so out of place that she is trying to organize older students into a group she might call "Anachronisms Anonymous." At Hood, Dixie Miller has set up a hide-away cottage for her continuing-ed students - a place she says, "to meet somebody else who is gray and grumpy."

  5. Source: Reading and Study Skills (Second Edition)

53. What is the central idea of the last paragraph?

  1. University is a place where distinctions should not be made because of age.
  2. It is very hard to have young and old students together in a university.
  3. Youngsters do not like to see older students on university campus.
  4. It is not very wise for older students to go back to university.

54. Why did Juliet Margolin eventually decide to evacuate her dorm?

  1. She didn't like the ketch up her dorm mates were using.
  2. She couldn't bear the way her dorm mates behaved.
  3. She wanted to live with someone more matured.
  4. The little dorm mates made her feels very old.

We have provided these questions from previous years grade 12 Ethiopian Secondary School Leaving Certificate Examination (ESSLCE) exams with the sole purpose of assisting students in their studies and preparations for upcoming exams. Please be aware that these questions are not indicative of future exam content. Good luck with your studies!

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